• DE
  • EN

Hermann Pister

Porträt Hermann Pister nach seiner Verhaftung (Quelle: Gedenkstätte Buchenwald)

*  21 February 1885 in Lübeck

† 1949 in detention in Landsberg on the Lech


Hermann Pister fought in the First World War as a Senior Sergeant (Vizefeldwebel) in the navy. He settled down in Carlsruhe after 1918 and entered the automobile business.

Hermann Pister joined the SS on 14 January 1932 and became a member of the NSDAP on 1 February 1932. He then switched his main profession in the spring of 1936 to the SS and worked in various areas of motorised SS units.  As Commandant he was entrusted with the task of setting up the new SS Special Camp / Hinzert Police Detention Camp in October 1939. The SS Special Camp was placed under the jurisdiction of the Inspector of Concentration Camps during his time as Camp Commandant. Pister moved up in the SS hierarchy on 21 December 1941 when he was appointed Commandant of the Buchenwald Concentration Camp. He remained in this position until 1945.

An American Military Tribunal sentenced Hermann Pister to death for his crimes committed against humanity in Buchenwald. Pister died in prison before the execution of the verdict. The murder of 70 Russian prisoners of war came during his time as Commandant of the SS Special Camp / Hinzert Concentration Camp.